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The Three Steps to Sending EDI Documents: A Detailed Guide

  • There are 3 main steps for sending EDI documents: preparation, transmission and processing.
  • Understanding each step in detail is crucial for successful EDI implementation and for maximizing the benefits of electronic data interchange.
  • Businesses can leverage the power of EDI to streamline their operations, reduce errors, and enhance collaboration with trading partners.


Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is like a digital handshake between businesses, allowing them to exchange documents quickly and accurately. EDI improves efficiency, reduces errors, and speeds up business processes. If you’re looking to streamline your business processes, understanding how to send EDI documents is essential. Here’s a straightforward guide to help you navigate the three main steps: preparation, transmission, and processing.

Three Main Steps for Sending EDI Documents

  1. Preparing Your EDI Documents

First things first, you need to get your data ready for EDI. This means collecting and formatting your business information into a standard EDI format that is recognized and accepted by all trading partners.

Here’s How:

  • Data Collection: Gather all the necessary information from internal systems. This data could be related to orders, invoices, shipping notices, or any other business transaction. For example, an order might include details like order number, product details, quantities, prices, and shipping information.
  • Data Mapping: Convert this data into the standard EDI format. This step is known as data mapping, where you translate your business’s information into the format required by your trading partner. There are various EDI standards like ANSI X12 (popular in North America) and EDIFACT (used internationally).
  • EDI Translation Software: Use an EDI translation software to automate the mapping process. This software takes the raw data from your internal systems and converts it into the appropriate EDI format. The software ensures that the data adheres to the syntax and semantic rules of the EDI standard being used.
  1. Transmitting Your EDI Documents

Once your data is ready, it’s time to send it to your trading partner. This step involves choosing the right communication method and ensuring your data gets delivered securely.

Here’s How:

  • Pick a Communication Protocol: Choose a communication protocol for sending your EDI documents. Popular protocol options include:
      • AS2 (Applicability Statement 2): Secure and reliable internet-based communication.
      • FTP/SFTP (File Transfer Protocol/Secure File Transfer Protocol): Used for transferring files over the internet, with SFTP adding an extra layer of security.
      • VAN (Value Added Network): A private network that facilitates EDI exchanges between trading partners.
  • Setup and Configuration: Configure your EDI system to use the chosen protocol. This includes setting up secure connections, such as SSL/TLS for encrypted transmission, and configuring endpoints (i.e., the IP addresses and ports used for communication).
  • Send the Documents: Package your EDI document with the necessary addressing and routing information and send it through the chosen communication channel.
  • Track and Acknowledge: Upon successful transmission, the trading partner sends an acknowledgment (such as an EDI 997 Functional Acknowledgment in ANSI X12 or CONTRL message in EDIFACT). This acknowledgment confirms receipt and indicates whether the document was accepted or if there were any issues. Tracking systems can be used to monitor the status of sent EDI documents and manage any exceptions.
  1. Processing EDI Documents by the Receiver

The final step is all about ensuring the received EDI documents are correctly interpreted and integrated into the trading partner’s system.

Here’s How:

  • Receipt and Acknowledgement: The trading partner’s EDI system receives the document and sends an acknowledgment back to the sender (you). This acknowledgment confirms that the document was received and indicates whether it passed initial validation checks.
  • EDI Translation: Their EDI software converts the document from the EDI standard format into their internal format. This reverse mapping ensures seamless integration into their systems.
  • Data Integration: The translated data is then integrated into their internal systems, such as ERP, inventory management, or accounting software. This allows automated processing of transactions like updating inventory or generating invoices.
  • Exception Handling: If there are any errors, the system generates an error message and sends it you. These issues need to be addressed by you quickly and in a timely manner to keep business operations running smoothly. This is where you need to make sure you keep receiving continued support from your EDI provider.

Common Mistakes Made When Sending EDI Documents & Tips to Avoid Them

  1. Incorrect Data Mapping

Mistake: Errors in mapping internal data to the EDI format can result in incorrect or incomplete documents.


  • Thorough Testing: Perform extensive testing of data mappings before going live.
  • Regular Updates: Keep mapping definitions updated to reflect changes in business processes or EDI standards.
  1. Lack of Validation

Mistake: Failing to validate EDI documents before transmission can lead to rejected or erroneous transactions.


  • Pre-Transmission Checks: Implement robust validation checks to ensure data accuracy and compliance with EDI standards.
  • Automated Validation Tools: Use automated tools to catch errors early in the process.
  1. Inadequate Error Handling

Mistake: Not having a proper error handling and resolution process can delay business operations.


  • Automated Alerts: Set up automated alerts for any errors detected during transmission or processing.
  • Clear Procedures: Develop clear procedures for identifying, resolving, and documenting errors.
  1. Ignoring Acknowledgments

Mistake: Failing to monitor acknowledgments (such as EDI 997 Functional Acknowledgments) can leave issues unresolved.


  • Track Acknowledgments: Ensure all sent documents receive proper acknowledgments and follow up on any that do not.
  • Reconciliation Processes: Implement reconciliation processes to match sent documents with received acknowledgments.
  1. Poor Data Quality

Mistake: Sending poor quality or outdated data can cause issues downstream in the processing of EDI documents.


  • Data Cleaning: Regularly clean and update data in internal systems.
  • Quality Control: Implement quality control measures to ensure the accuracy of data before it’s mapped to EDI format.
  1. Insecure Transmission Methods

Mistake: Using insecure transmission methods can expose sensitive business data to security risks.


  • Secure Protocols: Always use secure transmission protocols such as AS2, SFTP, or secure VANs.
  • Encryption: Encrypt data to protect it during transmission.
  1. Inadequate Testing

Mistake: Not conducting sufficient testing can result in unanticipated issues during live operations.


  • Comprehensive Testing: Conduct unit testing, integration testing, and end-to-end testing to ensure the system works as expected.
  • Pilot Runs: Perform pilot runs with a small set of transactions before full-scale implementation.
  1. Non-Compliance with EDI Standards

Mistake: Non-compliance with industry-specific EDI standards can lead to document rejection or processing errors.


  • Stay Updated: Keep abreast of the latest EDI standards and ensure compliance.
  • Standardized Templates: Use standardized templates and formats provided by industry bodies.
  1. Failure to Monitor System Performance

Mistake: Not monitoring the performance of the EDI system can result in unnoticed bottlenecks or failures.


  • Regular Monitoring: Implement monitoring tools to keep track of system performance and transaction volumes.
  • Performance Tuning: Regularly tune the system to handle peak loads and ensure smooth operation.
  1. Lack of Training and Documentation

Mistake: Insufficient training and poor documentation can lead to errors and inefficiencies.


  • Continuous Training: Provide ongoing training for EDI professionals to keep their skills up-to-date.
  • Comprehensive Documentation: Maintain detailed documentation of processes, mappings, and error resolution procedures.

EDI Support LLC Key Insights

Sending EDI documents involves more than just clicking “send.” It requires careful preparation, secure transmission, and accurate processing to ensure your data gets where it needs to go without any hitches. By following these three steps, you can leverage EDI to streamline operations, reduce errors, and enhance your business relationships. Understanding each step in detail ensures you make the most of what EDI has to offer.

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